séminaire du pôle évolution du vivant

"Producers, Scroungers and community structure" - Pr William Vickery, université du Québec à Montréal - vendredi 13 décembre 2013 à 11h, amphi Monge




There is now a large body of evidence that animals scrounge at frequencies predicted by Producer-Scrounger  models.  It has also been suggested that scrounging can affect population growth rates and population stability.  Here I explore the effects which scrounging may have at the community level.  I will show that Sciurid rodents scrounge food patches found by others. Within species, scrounging frequencies increase with patch richness as predicted by PS models.  Of interest to this study, red squirrels (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), grey squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis) and eastern chipmunks (Tamias striatus) scrounge from one another.  Scrounging frequencies vary according to who is scrounging from whom.  Furthermore, these species-vs-species specific rates vary with patch richness as does the rate of producing of two of the three species.  The pattern of variation in scrounging frequencies and producing rates suggests a mechanism of species coexistence which may contribute to species richness within animal communities.

Pr William Vickery
Université du Québec à Montréal

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